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“ The step taken by Freud at the level of the pleasure principle is to show us there is no Sovereign Good - that the Sovereign Good , which is das Ding, which is the mother, is also the object of incest, is a forbidden good, and that there is no other good. Such is the foundation of moral law as turned on its head by Freud.
“ The dialectical relationship between desire and the Law causes our desire to flare up only in relation to the Law, through which it becomes desire for death. It is only because of the Law that sin, [hamartía]—which in Greek means lack and non- participation in the Thing—takes on an excessive, hyperbolic character.
“ Without a transgression there is no access to jouissance, and that is precisely the function of the Law. Transgression in the direction of jouissance only takes place if it is supported by the oppositional principal, by the forms of the Law.
“ The naturalist liberation of desire has failed historically. We do not find ourselves in the presence of a man less weighed down with laws and duties than before the great critical experience of so-called libertine thought. If we find ourselves led to consider even in retrospect the experience of that man of pleasure—through reflection on what psychoanalysis had contributed to the knowledge and the circumstances of perverse experience—we will soon see that in truth everything in this moral theory was to destine it to failure.
“ So as to produce a kind of shock or eye-opening effect that seems to me necessary if we are to make progress, I simply want to draw your attention to this: if The Critique of Practical Reason appeared in 1788, seven years after the first edition of the The Critique of Pure Reason, there is another work which came out six years after The Critique of Practical Reason, a little after Thermidor in 1795, and which was called Philosophy in the Boudoir.
“ The intrusions experienced in paranoia have a shocking and puzzling effect, not only because they go against conventional understandings of the world, but above all because of the obscene and mad pleasure by which the Other proves to be driven.
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